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We discuss in this article about:

  • What is a hybrid car?
  • Types of hybrid car
  • Hybrid cars in India
  • Reasons to buy a hybrid car
  • Key components of electric hybrid car
  • What is a Hybrid Car?

The phrase “hybrid car” refers to any automobile that possesses both an internal combustion engine (also known as an ICE) and an electric motor. Additionally, hybrid vehicles have two batteries, one of which is dedicated to the internal combustion engine (ICE), while the other battery is dedicated to the electric motor.

  • Types of Hybrid car

1. Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicles (MHEV)

MHEVs are making a comeback. Many automobiles employ MHEV powertrains without advertising them, thus you may have driven a mild hybrid without knowing it!

Mild hybrids use internal combustion engines the most. During cruising, coasting, and braking, the electric motor can assist the engine. It starts you off, then the engine and motor accelerate you.

The next hybrid on our list, the full hybrid electric vehicle, is more fuel-efficient than an MHEV.

2. Full Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV)

The full hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is likely the first hybrid you think of. They have mild hybrid electrical components but powerful motors and batteries. They replace more internal combustion engine work.

Full hybrids, like mild hybrids, cannot be charged externally. They charge from the engine and regenerative braking. They are more fuel-efficient than mild hybrids but less than plug-in hybrids.

3. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV)

PHEVs advance the hybrid concept. All other hybrids charge internally. Plug-in hybrids can be charged externally, increasing their electric-only range and fuel economy.

Model-specific electric-only range. Some can go 50 miles on electric power, while others need a gasoline engine.

Plug-in hybrids are a great compromise (electric vehicles and internal combustion vehicles). The electric-only range can cover short commutes or grocery store outings, saving gas. Your internal combustion safety net eliminates range concerns on extended rides!

  • Hybrid cars in India
  • Toyota Camry
  • Toyota Prius
  • Maruti Suzuki’s line-up of SHVS cars
  • Toyota Glanza
  • MG Hector
  • Mahindra Scorpio
  • Reasons to Buy a Hybrid Car

1. The Technology Has Been Validated

The majority of us don’t go shopping for cars very frequently. The average age of a vehicle now being driven on U.S. roadways is now over 12 years. As a result, it’s not hard to comprehend why a lot of consumers consider hybrids to be cutting-edge technology. When you haven’t had a pressing need to pay attention to the automotive business for a while, it’s easy to get behind on what’s been going on in that sector.

But in 1999, hybrids began to make their debut on the market in the United States. The technology of hybrid propulsion has been around for about a quarter of a century. Nearly every manufacturer offers at least one, and frequently several, different models. The third- and fourth-generation technologies are those that are used in hybrid vehicles that are now being sold. They are readily on par with the dependability of gasoline-powered vehicles.

2. The Variety Is Amazing

  • Midsize Family Vehicles

You want a family car, but you also want to brag about your hybrid credentials, right? Give the tried-and-true Toyota Prius a shot. Would you rather not make it that obvious? Try a Hyundai Sonata Hybrid or a Toyota Camry Hybrid.

  • Minivans

In the market for a minivan? Both the Toyota Sienna Hybrid and the Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid have earned a solid name for themselves in the hybrid minivan market.

  • SUVs

In the market for a minivan? Both the Toyota Sienna Hybrid and the Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid have earned a solid name for themselves in the hybrid minivan market.

  • More Hybrid Vehicles

In the market for a minivan? Both the Toyota Sienna Hybrid and the Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid have earned a solid name for themselves in the hybrid minivan market.

3. A Mature Technology Means a Strong Used Market

Hybrid vehicles are something that everyone, not just people shopping for brand-new automobiles, should give serious consideration to. There is now a thriving market for used hybrid vehicles. When you own your own vehicle, you have the option of purchasing a pre-owned hybrid with a warranty, allowing you to take advantage of the vehicle’s exceptional MPG ratings while allowing someone else to bear the cost of its depreciation.

4. Higher Mileage

When compared to conventional gasoline-powered vehicles, hybrids have more mileage because of their enhanced fuel economy, which in turn leads to lower emissions. Because hybrid vehicles are equipped with electric motors, they are able to run solely on electric power when traveling at moderate speeds. This results in a reduction in the amount of gasoline required to power the vehicle and an increase in the total mileage it achieves. Additionally, hybrid vehicles come equipped with regenerative braking systems, which help to recover energy that would normally be wasted during braking and store it in the battery. This contributes to an overall increase in the vehicle’s fuel efficiency as well as its mileage.

5. Higher Resale Value

When compared with conventional automobiles powered by gasoline, hybrid vehicles typically have a greater resale value. This is as a result of the following factors:

  • Efficiency in the use of gasoline:

Hybrid cars are built to improve efficiency in the use of fuel, which can result in significant cost savings over time. This is an appealing attribute for prospective purchasers, and it has the ability to contribute to an increase in the car’s resale value.

  • Environmental benefits:

Hybrid cars emit fewer emissions than typical gasoline-powered automobiles, which can help to reduce air pollution and alleviate the effects of climate change. Hybrid cars are also more fuel efficient than traditional gasoline-powered cars. Buyers who are interested in environmentally friendly alternatives will find hybrid vehicles more enticing as a result of this.

Buying a hybrid vehicle can assist in conforming to the standards set forth by some nations’ governments, which require a reduction in the amount of pollution caused by motor vehicles. Buyers who want to be in compliance with these laws will find hybrid automobiles more enticing as a result of this.

  • High performance:

Some hybrid automobiles are built with the intention of delivering high performance, and the instant torque provided by the electric motor contributes to this. Buyers who are interested in purchasing cars with high performance will find hybrids to be more enticing as a result of this.

  • Good reputation:

Hybrid cars have a high reputation for fuel efficiency and dependability, which can help to boost their resale value. Hybrid cars also have a good reputation for being environmentally friendly.

  • High demand:

As more people become aware of the benefits of hybrid technology, the demand for hybrid automobiles is increasing, and this can assist to raise the resale value of the car.

6. Reduced fuel dependence

One of the most significant advantages of utilizing this technology is the fact that hybrid vehicles can assist with lessening reliance on fossil fuels. To provide propulsion to the wheels, they make use of a combination of an internal combustion engine and an electric motor that is supplied with power by a battery. Either the vehicle’s internal combustion engine or an external electric power source can provide the energy necessary to keep the electric motor powered. Because of this, the automobile is able to run solely on electric power when traveling at low speeds. This results in a reduction in the consumption of fossil fuels and an improvement in the overall fuel efficiency of the vehicle.

Regenerative braking systems, which are used in hybrid vehicles, help to recover energy that would otherwise be wasted while braking. This energy is then stored in the battery, which further reduces the overall amount of gasoline that the vehicle needs to operate.

It is essential to lessen our reliance on fossil fuels since doing so is one of the most effective ways to cut down on the emissions of greenhouse gases and alleviate the negative consequences of climate change. In addition to this, it helps to lessen our dependency on resources that do not regenerate, which in turn contributes to the development of a more sustainable future.

In addition, the use of electric cars (EVs) and hybrid cars will become more environmentally friendly as the development of renewable energy sources such as solar and wind continues to progress. The more the output of renewable energy, the less reliance there will be on fossil fuels; as a result, hybrid vehicles will become an even more attractive option for those concerned about the environment.

7. Tax Benefit

If you buy or lease an electric vehicle, you might potentially reduce the amount of money you owe in taxes. You are eligible for a 40% reduction in the amount of income tax that you owe if you register an electric vehicle in the name of your company. This allows you to take advantage of the first-year depreciation allowance. Your choice to buy an electric car is supported by the government, which has already established an electric vehicle (EV) policy that entitles you to additional benefits of up to Rs. 1.5 lakh if you go ahead and make the purchase.

· Key Components of a Hybrid Electric Car

1. Battery (auxiliary):

The low-voltage auxiliary battery in an electric drive vehicle is the source of electricity that is used to start the automobile before the traction battery is engaged. It is also used to power the accessories that are installed in the vehicle.

2. DC/DC converter:

The DC/DC converter is a device that takes the higher-voltage DC power that is supplied by the traction battery pack and transforms it into the lower-voltage DC power that is required to drive the vehicle accessories and replenish the auxiliary battery.

3. Electric generator

When the vehicle applies brakes, the revolving wheels are used to generate power, which is then transferred to the traction battery pack to be used again. Some automobiles make use of motor generators that are capable of both driving and regenerating the vehicle’s battery.

4. Electric traction motor:

This motor receives its power from the traction battery pack and is responsible for propelling the wheels of the vehicle. Some automobiles make use of motor generators that are capable of both driving and regenerating the vehicle’s battery.

5. Exhaust system:

The exhaust system directs the exhaust gases produced by the engine to be expelled out of the vehicle through the tailpipe. Within an exhaust system, a three-way catalyst is intended to cut down on the number of pollutants released by the engine.

6. Fuel filler:

In order to fill the tank, a nozzle from a fuel dispenser must be attached to the receptacle located in the vehicle.

7. Fuel tank

This tank is responsible for storing gasoline on board the vehicle until it is required by the engine. It is referred to as the fuel tank.

8. Spark-ignited internal combustion engine:

In this design, gasoline is pumped into either the intake manifold or the combustion chamber, where it is mixed with air, and the spark from a spark plug ignites the air-fuel mixture that has been created.

9. Power electronics controller:

This device is responsible for managing the flow of electrical energy that is supplied by the traction battery. This allows it to control the speed of the electric traction motor as well as the torque that it generates.

10. Thermal system (cooling):

This system ensures that the engine, electric motor, power electronics, and any other components are kept within the appropriate temperature range for optimal performance.

11. Traction battery pack: 

The electric traction motor draws power from the traction battery pack, which stores the energy for later use.

12. Transmission

The transmission is responsible for transferring the mechanical power that is generated by the engine and/or the electric traction motor to the wheels so that the vehicle may move.

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